There is another dimension to leadership: the level at which action is considered, whether this is about change or whether it is about maintenance. At the lowest level leaders speak only of measures and numbers and only what can be measured is considered to be material in the organisational processes. At the highest level there is open discussion of the purposes of the organisation and the values by which it operates.
This concept of the level of leadership determines the scope for action by others in the organisation. Indeed it determines the scope for humanity in the organisation as it implies a level of respect and engagement.
Do we want self-aware organisations or would we rather they stayed in a more predictable place?